Surgical Outcomes after Full Thickness Chest Wall Resection Followed by Immediate Reconstruction: A 7-Year Observational Study of 42 Cases

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Introduction: Reconstruction of full thickness chest wall defects is challenging and is associated with a considerable risk of complications. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the surgical outcomes and their associations with patient and treatment characteristics following full thickness chest wall reconstruction. Patients and methods: A retrospective observational study was performed by including patients who underwent reconstruction of full thickness chest wall defect at the Erasmus MC between January 2014 and December 2020. The type of reconstruction was categorized into skeletal and soft tissue reconstructions. For skeletal reconstruction, only non-rigid prosthetic materials were used. Patient and surgical characteristics were retrieved and analyzed for associations with postoperative complications. Results: Thirty-two women and 10 men with a mean age of 60 years were included. In 26 patients (61.9%), the reconstruction was performed using prosthetic material and a soft tissue flap, in nine cases (21.4%) only a soft tissue flap was used, and in seven other patients (16.7%) only the prosthetic material was used. Pedicled musculocutaneous latissimus dorsi flaps were used most often (n=17), followed by pectoralis major flaps (n=8) and free flaps (n=8). Twenty-two patients (52.4%) developed at least one postoperative complication. Wounds (21.4%) and pulmonary (19.0%) complications occurred most frequently. Five (11.9%) patients required reoperation. There were no associations between patient and treatment characteristics and the occurrence of major complications. There was no mortality. Conclusions: Reconstruction of full thickness chest wall defects using only non-rigid prosthetic material for skeletal reconstruction appears safe with an acceptable reoperation rate and low mortality, questioning the need for rigid fixation techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-24
Number of pages11
JournalJPRAS Open
Volume41
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright: © 2024 The Authors

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Surgical Outcomes after Full Thickness Chest Wall Resection Followed by Immediate Reconstruction: A 7-Year Observational Study of 42 Cases'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this