Survival in Elderly Persons with Down Syndrome

Tonnie Coppus, Evenhuis, GJ Verberne, FE Visser, Ben Oostra, P Eikelenboom, WA van Gool, Cecile Janssens, Cornelia Duijn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

85 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The longer life expectancy now experienced by persons with Down syndrome (DS) makes it necessary to know the factors influencing survival in older persons with this syndrome. In a prospective longitudinal cohort study of dementia and mortality, 506 persons with DS aged 45 and older were followed for a mean of 4.5 years (range 0.0-7.6 years). Cognitive and social functioning were tested at baseline and annual follow-up. The diagnosis of dementia was determined according to a standardized protocol. Cox proportional hazards modeling was used for survival analysis. Relative preservation of cognitive and functional ability is associated with better survival in this study population. Clinically, the most important disorders in persons with DS that are related to mortality are dementia, mobility restrictions, visual impairment, and epilepsy but not cardiovascular diseases. Also, level of intellectual disability and institutionalization are associated with mortality.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)2311-2316
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of American Geriatrics Society
Volume56
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Cite this