Survivors of septic shock caused by Neisseria meningitidis in childhood: Psychosocial outcomes in young adulthood

LC Vermunt, Corinne Buysse, Koen Joosten, Hugo Duivenvoorden, Jan Hazelzet, Frank Verhulst, Lisbeth Utens

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Abstract

Objective: To investigate long-term psychosocial outcomes in young adults who survived septic shock caused by Neisseria meningitidis (meningococcal septic shock) during childhood. Design: A cross-sectional study. Setting: The psychological investigation took place in the department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry of the Erasmus MC-Sophia Children's Hospital. Patients: All consecutive surviving patients with meningococcal septic shock requiring intensive care treatment at the pediatric intensive care unit between 1988 and 2001. Intervention: To explore biographical characteristics (such as living conditions, educational, occupational, and marital status) and illness-related physical or social consequences a structured interview was used. To assess intellectual functioning the Groninger Intelligence Test 2 was used and to assess behavioral/emotional problems, the Adult Self-Report was used. Measurements and Main Results: Fifty-eight of 83 eligible septic shock survivors were evaluated (response rate: 70%). The patients were 16-31 yrs old at time of follow-up (median age: 21 yrs old). These patients had had meningococcal septic shock before 18 yrs of age. Median follow-up interval was 13 yrs, with a range of 4 to 16 yrs. For the vast majority of meningococcal septic shock patients, outcomes on biographical characteristics, intellectual functioning, and levels of behavioral/emotional Conclusions: Despite favorable outcomes for the majority of meningococcal septic shock patients in the long term, an important minority (5% to 20%) still struggles with ongoing problems as to behavioral/emotional problems, intellectual functioning, biographical characteristics, and illness-related physical or social consequences. (Pediatr Crit Care Med 2011; 12:e302-e309)
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)E302-E309
JournalPediatric Critical Care Medicine
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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