Systemic administration of oxytocin reduces basal and lipopolysaccharide-induced ghrelin levels in healthy men

G Vila, M Riedl, M Resl, Aart Jan Lelij, Leo Hofland, M Clodi, A Luger

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26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Oxytocin (OXT) and ghrelin have several common properties such as the involvement in the first phase response to stressors, in appetite regulation, and in the modulation of neural functions. Despite a recent study showing that intraventricular administration of ghrelin activates OXT neurons, little is known on the cross-talk between these two peptides. Here, we investigated the role of the i.v. administration of OXT on circulating ghrelin concentrations under fasting conditions and during the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced endotoxenia. A randomized placebo-controlled cross-over study was performed in ten healthy men. In four study sessions, the participants received once placebo, once OXT (1 pmol/kg per thin over 90 min), once LPS (2 ng/kg), and once both OXT and LPS. Plasma ghrelin, glucose, and free fatty acid (FFA) levels were treasured at regular intervals during the first 6 h following the LPS bolus. Systemic administration of OXT decreased within 1 h plasma ghrelin levels (611 +/- 54 vs 697 +/- 52 pg/ml in placebo days, P=0.013) and increased plasma glucose and FFA concentrations (P=0.002 and P=0.005 respectively). OXT also reduced the LPS-induced surge in ghrelin at tine point 2 h (P=0.021). In summary, i.v. administration of OXT decreases circulating levels of ghrelin during fasting, as well as following LPS-induced endotoxemia in healthy men. The cross-talk between OXT and ghrelin aright be important in the regulation of energy homeostasis and stress responses. Journal of Endocrinology (2009) 203, 175-179
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)175-179
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Endocrinology
Volume203
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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