Tailoring the effect of antithrombin-targeting therapy in haemophilia A using in silico thrombin generation

Romy M.W. de Laat-Kremers*, Marisa Ninivaggi, Iris van Moort, Moniek de Maat, Bas de Laat

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
20 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Factor (F) VIII deficiency causes bleeding in haemophilia A patients because of the reduced formation of procoagulant enzyme thrombin, which is needed to make the blood clot. We measured the dynamics of coagulation in haemophilia A patients by measuring thrombin generation (TG). Additionally, we quantified the procoagulant process of prothrombin conversion and anticoagulant process of thrombin inhibitor complex formation. In haemophilia A, prothrombin conversion is severely reduced, causing TG to be low. Nevertheless, the thrombin inactivation capacity of these patients is comparable to that in healthy subjects, leading to a severe imbalance between procoagulant and anticoagulant processes and a subsequent increased bleeding risk. A novel therapy in haemophilia A is the targeting of anticoagulant pathway, e.g. thrombin inhibitor antithrombin (AT), to restore the haemostatic balance. We simulated the effect of AT reduction on TG in silico. Lowering AT levels restored TG dose-dependently and an AT reduction of 90–95% led to almost normal TG in most patients. However, the variation in response to AT reduction was large between patients, indicating that this approach should be tailored to each individual patients. Ideally, TG and thrombin dynamics simulation could in the future contribute to the management of patients undergoing AT targeting therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number15572
JournalScientific Reports
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jul 2021

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© 2021, The Author(s).

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