Aims: The 15-year results of the EORTC 229922-10925 phase III trial showed a significant reduction in breast cancer mortality and breast cancer recurrences after internal mammary chain (IMC) and medio-supraclavicular irradiation. Unexpectedly, cardiac death was not increased, and the incidence of cardiac events did not differ between left- and right-sided cases, although target volume coverages and organ at risk doses were unknown. Therefore, a planning study was carried out comparing the past and the present, to eventually enable, thereafter, an increased therapeutic ratio of IMC irradiation. Materials and methods: A planning study was carried out on target volume coverage and organ at risk doses for whole-breast irradiation (WBI) ± IMC comparing the results between two-dimensional radiotherapy (free-breathing), hybrid intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT; breath-hold) and robust intensity-modulated proton therapy (IMPT; free-breathing) for 10 left-sided breast cancer cases. Two-dimensional radiotherapy consisted of two tangential wedged photon breast fields and mixed electron/photon beams for the IMC. Hybrid IMRT included two tangential photon breast fields (70%) complemented with IMRT (30%). IMPT plans were created using multi-field robust optimisation (5 mm set-up and 3% range uncertainties) with two (WBI) or three (WBI + IMC) beams. Results: Target volume dose objectives were met for hybrid IMRT and IMPT. For two-dimensional radiotherapy, target coverage was 97% and 83% for breast and IMC, respectively. The mean heart dose for WBI only was <2 Gy for all techniques. For WBI + IMC, heart doses (mean heart dose, mean left anterior descending region, volume of the heart receiving 5 Gy (V5) were significantly higher for two-dimensional radiotherapy when compared with contemporary techniques. The V5 left anterior descending region reduced from 100% (two-dimensional radiotherapy) to 70% and 20% for hybrid IMRT and IMPT, respectively. Conclusion: Contemporary radiotherapy techniques result in improved target volume coverage and significantly decreased heart doses for WBI + IMC radiotherapy. Hence, nowadays an increased therapeutic ratio of elective IMC irradiation may be anticipated.