Fungi are an understudied resource possessing huge potential for developing products that can greatly improve human well-being. In the current paper, we highlight some important discoveries and developments in applied mycology and interdisciplinary Life Science research. These examples concern recently introduced drugs for the treatment of infections and neurological diseases; application of -OMICS techniques and genetic tools in medical mycology and the regulation of mycotoxin production; as well as some highlights of mushroom cultivaton in Asia. Examples for new diagnostic tools in medical mycology and the exploitation of new candidates for therapeutic drugs, are also given. In addition, two entries illustrating the latest developments in the use of fungi for biodegradation and fungal biomaterial production are provided. Some other areas where there have been and/or will be significant developments are also included. It is our hope that this paper will help realise the importance of fungi as a potential industrial resource and see the next two decades bring forward many new fungal and fungus-derived products.
Bibliographical noteFunding Open Access funding enabled and organized by Projekt
DEAL. Funding was provided by Mae Fah Luang University (Grant No.: 651A16029), Basic Research Fund (Grant No.: 652A01001), Princess Srinagarindra’s Centenary Celebrations Foundation (Grant No.: 64316001), National Research Council Thailand (Grant No.: NRCT5- TRG630010-01), Czech Academy of Sciences Long-term Research
Development Project (Grant No.: 61388971), Thailand Research Fund (Grant No.: PHD/0039/2560), Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst (Grant Nos.: 57507870, PhD stipend), Czech Academy of Sciences (Grant No.: CZ.02.2.69/0.0/0.0/18_053/0017705), Chiang Mai University (Grant No.: FF65/067), STEP Program (CH) (Grant No.: 2019QZKK0503), Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No.: 292019312511043).© The Author(s) 2022