We investigate the nature of the competition process in retailing by contrasting blue ocean strategy and competitive strategy. We develop a methodology to test the core assumptions of both these major schools of strategic management. Applying this methodology to a large data set of shop type averages within the retailing sector, we find empirical support for blue ocean strategy in terms of creating new retail market space. At the same time we also find support for competitive forces eroding temporary profits. However, we find that these forces are sufficiently slow to enable periods of supernormal profits for retail innovators.
|Number of pages
|International Review of Entrepreneurship
|Published - 2016