The beta-human chorionic gonadotropin-related peptide LQGV reduces mortality and inflammation in a murine polymicrobial sepsis model

Jan Willem Berg, Wim Dik, Marten Zee, Fred Bonthuis, Conny Neelen, Gemma Dingjan, Rob Benner, J.N.M. IJzermans, Nisar Khan, Ron de Bruin

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18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Mortality in sepsis remains high and efforts to modulate the inflammatory response so far mostly failed to improve survival. The human chorionic gonadotropin-related tetrapeptide LQGV was recently shown to exert anti-inflammatory activity. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of LQGV on cecal ligation and puncture-induced mortality and inflammation. Design: Animal study. Setting: University research laboratory. Subjects: Male C57BL/6 mice. Interventions: To examine the effect of LQGV by itself on cecal ligation and puncture-induced mortality and inflammation, C57BL/6 mice were exposed to a moderate cecal ligation and puncture procedure (40% ligation and double puncture) with a mortality rate of approximately 80% within 5 days in control mice. In addition, to examine whether LQGV was of additive value to standard sepsis care (antibiotics and fluid resuscitation), a more severe cecal ligation and puncture procedure was used (80% ligation and double puncture), yielding approximately 100% mortality within 12 days in control mice. LQGV (5 mg/kg body weight), phosphate-buffered saline (as control), or dexamethasone (2.5 mg/kg body weight) was administered perioperatively. Survival was monitored for 21 days and inflammatory markers were determined in plasma, peritoneal cavity, and lungs. Measurements and Main Results: LQGV significantly improved survival from 20% to 50% during the first 5 days after moderate cecal ligation and puncture. This was associated with reduced cytokine and E-selectin levels in peritoneal lavage fluid, lungs, and, to a lesser extent, in plasma. LQGV treatment also reduced pulmonary nuclear factor-kappa B activation and pulmonary damage. In the severe cecal ligation and puncture model, LQGV combined with fluid resuscitation and antibiotics resulted in significantly better survival (70%) than that observed with fluid resuscitation and antibiotics alone (30%). Conclusions: LQGV improves survival after cecal ligation and puncture. This is likely established by a modest reduction of the acute inflammatory response through a nuclear factor-kappa B-dependent mechanism. Furthermore, LQGV may be a valuable additive next to the standard care in polymicrobial sepsis. (Crit Care Med 2011; 39:126-134)
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)126-134
Number of pages9
JournalCritical Care Medicine
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Research programs

  • EMC MM-02-72-01
  • EMC MM-02-72-02
  • EMC MM-04-47-07

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