The border walls of (de)globalization

VK Kamwela, Peter van Bergeijk

Research output: Working paperAcademic

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Border walls have recently proliferated and become a global phenomenon with about a third of the countries having at least one wall or fence along its borders. This trend contrasts the idea of the global village and fits into a trend towards deglobalization. So far little attention has been given to their unintended effect. This article fills this gap by developing a gravity model for the years 1990-2014 regarding 118 countries, 44 (37%) of which had a wall during the research period. The impact of border structures on cross-border trade is economically and statistically significant. Countries separated by a wall trade on average 4 to 73 percent less than would ceteris paribus be the case if the border wall did not exist.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationThe Hague
PublisherInternational Institute of Social Studies (ISS)
Number of pages21
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Publication series

SeriesISS working papers. General series

Bibliographical note

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Research programs

  • ISS-DE


  • ISS Working Paper-General Series


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