The Compensatory Association of Autonomy and Relatedness Satisfaction on Affect and Aggressive Feelings

Yuxin Liu*, Chen Chen, Jianwei Zhang, Yarong Guo, Dirk van Dierendonck

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
29 Downloads (Pure)


This article presents the results of an examination of self-determination theory; in this examination, the theory is extended through deeper insight into the compensatory association between autonomy and relatedness satisfaction. This study is designed to investigate whether the mutual influence of autonomy satisfaction and relatedness satisfaction on positive affect (PA), negative affect (NA), and aggressive feelings is best described as compensatory. The results of two laboratory studies verify a compensatory relationship and confirm a mediation by meaningful existence. The results verify the compensation effects of high relatedness satisfaction on NA and aggressive feelings when autonomy satisfaction is low. With role-playing and nonrole-playing digital game manipulation, the results are stronger when the participants were being themselves rather than playing a character.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2739-2760
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Happiness Studies
Issue number6
Early online date3 Jan 2021
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jan 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (72074024; 72041002); the Grant of Key Program for Beijing Educational Science Planning during the 13th Five-Year Plan Period, 2020 (Exploring the Influence of University Students’ Practical Activities on Leadership Emergence, No. CEAA2020047); and the National construction of high-level university public graduate project (No. 201806640085).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature B.V. part of Springer Nature.


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