The core spliceosome as target and effector of non-canonical ATM signalling

Maria Tresini, DO Warmerdam, Petros Kolovos, Lisette Snijder, MG Vrouwe, Jeroen Demmers, Wilfred van Ijcken, Frank Grosveld, RH Medema, Jan Hoeijmakers, LHF Mullenders, Wim Vermeulen, Jurgen Marteijn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

166 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In response to DNA damage, tissue homoeostasis is ensured by protein networks promoting DNA repair, cell cycle arrest or apoptosis. DNA damage response signalling pathways coordinate these processes, partly by propagating gene-expression-modulating signals. DNA damage influences not only the abundance of messenger RNAs, but also their coding information through alternative splicing. Here we show that transcription-blocking DNA lesions promote chromatin displacement of late-stage spliceosomes and initiate a positive feedback loop centred on the signalling kinase ATM. We propose that initial spliceosome displacement and subsequent R-loop formation is triggered by pausing of RNA polymerase at DNA lesions. In turn, R-loops activate ATM, which signals to impede spliceosome organization further and augment ultraviolet-irradiation-triggered alternative splicing at the genome-wide level. Our findings define R-loop-dependent ATM activation by transcription-blocking lesions as an important event in the DNA damage response of non-replicating cells, and highlight a key role for spliceosome displacement in this process.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)53-+
JournalNature
Volume523
Issue number7558
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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