The Effect of Age on Outcomes of Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery Compared With Balloon Angioplasty or Bare-Metal Stent Implantation Among Patients With Multivessel Coronary Disease

M Flather, JW Rhee, DB Boothroyd, Eric Boersma, MM Brooks, D Carrie, TC Clayton, N Danchin, CW Hamm, WA Hueb, SB King, SJ Pocock, AE Rodriguez, PWJC (Patrick) Serruys, U Sigwart, RH Stables, MA Hlatky

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Abstract

Objectives This study sought to assess whether patient age modifies the comparative effectiveness of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Background Increasingly, CABG and PCI are performed in older patients to treat multivessel disease, but their comparative effectiveness is uncertain. Methods Individual data from 7,812 patients randomized in 1 of 10 clinical trials of CABG or PCI were pooled. Age was analyzed as a continuous variable in the primary analysis and was divided into tertiles for descriptive purposes (<= 56.2 years, 56.3 to 65.1 years, >= 65.2 years). The outcomes assessed were death, myocardial infarction and repeat revascularization over complete follow-up, and angina at 1 year. Results Older patients were more likely to have hypertension, diabetes, and 3-vessel disease compared with younger patients (p < 0.001 for trend). Over a median follow-up of 5.9 years, the effect of CABG versus PCI on mortality varied according to age (interaction p < 0.01), with adjusted CABG-to-PCI hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of 1.23 (95% CI: 0.95 to 1.59) in the youngest tertile; 0.89 (95% CI: 0.73 to 1.10) in the middle tertile; and 0.79 (95% CI: 0.67 to 0.94) in the olde Conclusions Patient age modifies the comparative effectiveness of CABG and PCI on hard cardiac events, with CABG favored at older ages and PCI favored at younger ages. (J Am Coll Cardiol 2012;60:2150-7) (C) 2012 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)2150-2157
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume60
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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