The effect of aspirin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug use after diagnosis on survival of oesophageal cancer patients

J van Staalduinen, M Frouws, M Reimers, E Bastiaannet, MPP van Herk-Sukel, Valery Lemmens, WO de Steur, HH Hartgrink, CJH van de Velde, GJ Liefers

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Abstract

Background: Aspirin use has been shown to lower incidence and mortality in cancer patients. The aim of this population-based study was to determine the effect of postdiagnosis low-dose aspirin use on survival of patients with oesophageal cancer. Methods: Patients with oesophageal cancer (1998-2010) were selected from the Eindhoven Cancer Registry and linked with outpatient pharmacy data regarding aspirin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Users were subdivided into both prediagnosis and postdiagnosis or only postdiagnosis users. Parametric survival models with an exponential (Poisson) distribution were used with non-specific death as endpoint. Results: In this study 560 patients were included. Overall, 157 patients (28.0%) were non-users, 293 patients (52.3%) pre- and postdiagnosis (89 aspirin and 204 NSAID users) and 110 patients (19.6%) only postdiagnosis users (16 aspirin and 94 NSAID users). Postdiagnosis aspirin use was associated with overall survival (RR 0.45 (95% CI 0.34-0.60; P<0.001); adjusted rate ratio was 0.42 (95% CI: 0.30-0.57; P<0.001). Postdiagnosis use of NSAIDs was associated with overall survival (RR 0.61 (95% CI 0.49-0.76; <0.001); however, adjusted analyses did not show a significant association with a rate ratio of 0.84 (95% CI 0.66-1.07; P = 0.2). Conclusions: Our study shows that postdiagnosis aspirin use might be associated with a higher survival rate in oesophageal cancer patients. A randomised clinical trial is needed to verify our observations of possible postdiagnosis aspirin use benefit.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)1053-1059
Number of pages7
JournalBritish Journal of Cancer
Volume114
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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