The Eldicus prospective, observational study of triage decision making in European intensive care units. Part II: Intensive care benefit for the elderly

CL Sprung, A Artigas, J Kesecioglu, A Pezzi, J Wiis, R Pirracchio, M Baras, DL Edbrooke, A Pesenti, Hanneke Bakker, C Hargreaves, G Gurman, SL Cohen, A Lippert, D Payen, D Corbella, G Iapichino

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140 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rationale: Life and death triage decisions are made daily by intensive care unit physicians. Admission to an intensive care unit is denied when intensive care unit resources are constrained, especially for the elderly. Objective: To determine the effect of intensive care unit triage decisions on mortality and intensive care unit benefit, specifically for elderly patients. Design: Prospective, observational study of triage decisions from September 2003 until March 2005. Setting: Eleven intensive care units in seven European countries. Patients: All patients >18 yrs with an explicit request for intensive care unit admission. Interventions: Admission or rejection to intensive care unit. Measurements and Main Results: Demographic, clinical, hospital, physiologic variables, and 28-day mortality were obtained on consecutive patients. There were 8,472 triages in 6,796 patients, 5,602 (82%) were accepted to the intensive care unit, 1,194 (18%) rejected; 3,795 (49%) were >65 yrs. Refusal rate increased with increasing patient age (18-44: 11%; 45-64: 15%; 65-74: 18%; 75-84: 23%; >84: 36%). Mortality was higher for older patients (18-44: 11%; 45-64: 21%; 65-74: 29%; 75-84: 37%; >84: 48 Conclusions: Despite the fact that elderly patients have more intensive care unit rejections than younger patients and have a higher mortality when admitted, the mortality benefit appears greater for the elderly. Physicians should consider changing their intensive care unit triage practices for the elderly. (Crit Care Med 2012; 40:132-138)
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)132-138
Number of pages7
JournalCritical Care Medicine
Volume40
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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