Natural killer (NK) cells express the Fc-gamma receptor CD16 (FCGR3A) and could therefore mediate renal endothelial cell damage in cases of chronic-active antibody mediated rejection (c-aABMR). The V/V-genotype of the FCGR3A 158 F/V polymorphism is associated with increased CD16 expression and cytotoxicity by NK cells. This study evaluated whether this genotype is associated with the diagnosis of c-aABMR and renal allograft loss. The distribution of the FGCR3A 158 F/V-genotypes was not different for c-aABMR cases (N = 133) compared to control kidney transplant recipients (N = 116, P = 0.65). The V-allele was associated with increased median fluorescence intensity (MFI) of CD16 by NK cells (MFI 3.5 × 104 versus 1.3 × 104 for V/V and F/F-genotype, P < 0.001). Increased expression of CD16 correlated with CD16-dependent degranulation of NK cells (R = 0.4; P = 0.02). Moreover, the V/V-genotype was significantly associated with a higher glomerulitis score and an independent risk factor (HR 1.98; P = 0.04) for decreased allograft survival. Death-censored graft survival in c-aABMR cases at 3 years follow-up was 33% for the FCGR3A 158 V/V-genotype versus 62% for the F/F-genotype. In conclusion, the FCGR3A V/V-genotype increases CD16-mediated NK cell cytotoxicity and is associated with a higher glomerulitis score and decreased graft survival in cases with c-aABMR.