The First Evaluation of Remote Magnetic Navigation-Guided Pediatric Ventricular Arrhythmia Ablation

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Abstract

Catheter ablation (CA) is an important treatment option for ventricular arrhythmias (VA) in pediatric cardiology. Currently, various CA techniques are available, including remote magnetic navigation (RMN)-guided radiofrequency (RF) ablation. However, no studies evaluate RMN-guided ablative therapy outcomes in children with VA yet. This study aimed to compare procedural and long-term outcomes between RMN-guided and manual (MAN)-guided VA ablation in children. This single-center, retrospective study included all CA procedures for VA performed in children with or without structural heart disease from 2008 until 2020. Two study groups were defined by CA technique: RMN or MAN. Primary outcome was recurrence of VA. Baseline clinical, procedural and safety data were also evaluated. This study included 22 patients, who underwent 30 procedures, with a median age of 15 (IQR 14–17; range 1–17) years and a mean weight of 57 ± 20 kg. In total, 14 procedures were performed using RMN and 16 using MAN (22 first and 8 redo procedures). Regarding first procedures, recurrence rates were significantly lower in RMN compared to MAN (20% versus 67%, P = 0.029), at a mean follow-up of 5.2 ± 3.0 years. Moreover, fluoroscopy dosages were significantly lower in RMN compared to MAN [20 (IQR 14–54) versus 48 (IQR 38–62) mGy, P = 0.043]. In total, 20 patients (91%) were free of VA following their final ablation procedure. This is the first study to investigate the use of RMN in pediatric VA ablation. RMN showed improved outcomes compared to MAN, resulting in lower VA recurrence and reduced fluoroscopy exposure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1695-1703
Number of pages9
JournalPediatric Cardiology
Volume43
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Apr 2022

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