The Impact of Cold Ischaemia Time on Outcomes of Living Donor Kidney Transplantation: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Stijn C van de Laar, Jeffrey A Lafranca, Robert C Minnee, Vassilios Papalois, Frank J M F Dor

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Studies have been carried out to investigate the effect of a prolonged cold ischaemia time (CIT) on the outcomes of living donor kidney transplantation (LDKT). There is no clear consensus in the literature about the effects of CIT on LDKT outcomes, and therefore, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to provide evidence on this subject. Searches were performed in five databases up to 12 July 2021. Articles comparing different CIT in LDKT describing delayed graft function (DGF), graft and patient survival, and acute rejection were considered for inclusion. This study is registered with PROSPERO, CRD42019131438. In total, 1452 articles were found, of which eight were finally eligible, including a total of 164,179 patients. Meta-analyses showed significantly lower incidence of DGF (odds ratio (OR) = 0.61, p < 0.01), and significantly higher 1-year graft survival (OR = 0.72, p < 0.001) and 5-year graft survival (OR = 0.88, p = 0.04), for CIT of less than 4 h. Our results underline the need to keep CIT as short as possible in LDKT (ideally < 4 h), as a shorter CIT in LDKT is associated with a statistically significant lower incidence of DGF and higher graft survival compared to a prolonged CIT. However, clinical impact seems limited, and therefore, in LDKT programmes in which the CIT might be prolonged, such as kidney exchange programmes, the benefits outweigh the risks. To minimize these risks, it is worth considering including CIT in kidney allocation algorithms and in general take precautions to protect high risk donor/recipient combinations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1620
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2022

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Copyright: © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


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