The impact of CYP2D6-predicted phenotype on tamoxifen treatment outcome in patients with metastatic breast cancer

LA Lammers, RHJ Mathijssen, Teun Gelder, Monique Bijl, Anne-joy Graan, Caroline Seynaeve, M (Marianne) van Fessem, Els Berns, Arnold Vulto, Ron van Schaik

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BACKGROUND: Cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) has a crucial role in the metabolic conversion of tamoxifen into the active metabolite endoxifen. In this cohort study, the effect of CYP2D6-predicted phenotype, defined as the combined effect of CYP2D6 genetic variation and concomitant use of CYP2D6-inhibiting medication, on time to breast cancer progression (TTP) and overall survival (OS) in women who use tamoxifen for metastatic breast cancer (MBC) was examined. METHODS: We selected patients treated with tamoxifen (40 mg per day) for hormone receptor-positive MBC from whom a blood sample for pharmacogenetic analysis (CYP2D6*3, *4, *5, *6, *10 and *41) was available. Patient charts (n = 102) were reviewed to assess TTP and OS, and to determine whether CYP2D6 inhibitors were prescribed during tamoxifen treatment. RESULTS: OS was significantly shorter in patients with a poor CYP2D6 metaboliser phenotype, compared with extensive metabolisers (HR = 2.09; P = 0.034; 95% CI: 1.06-4.12). Co-administration of CYP2D6 inhibitors alone was also associated with a worse OS (HR = 3.55; P = 0.002; 95% CI: 1.59-7.96) and TTP (HR = 2.97; P = 0.008; 95% CI: 1.33-6.67) compared with patients without CYP2D6 inhibitors. CONCLUSION: CYP2D6 phenotype is an important predictor of treatment outcome in women who are receiving tamoxifen for MBC. Co-administration of CYP2D6 inhibitors worsens treatment outcome of tamoxifen and should therefore be handled with care. British Journal of Cancer (2010) 103, 765-771. doi:10.1038/sj.bjc.6605800 Published online 10 August 2010 (C) 2010 Cancer Research UK
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)765-771
Number of pages7
JournalBritish Journal of Cancer
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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