The Impact of Renal Impairment on Long-Term Safety and Effectiveness of Drug-Eluting Stents

GG Stefanini, M Taniwaki, B Kalesan, L Raber, S Stortecky, T Pilgrim, Yoshinobu Onuma, S Silber, PWJC (Patrick) Serruys, B Meier, P Juni, S Windecker

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Background: Renal impairment (RI) is associated with impaired prognosis in patients with coronary artery disease. Clinical and angiographic outcomes of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with the use of drug-eluting stents (DES) in this patient population are not well established. Methods: We pooled individual data for 5,011 patients from 3 trials with the exclusive and unrestricted use of DES (SIRTAX - N = 1,012, LEADERS - N = 1,707, RESOLUTE AC - N = 2,292). Angiographic follow-up was available for 1,544 lesions. Outcomes through 2 years were stratified according to glomerular filtration rate (normal renal function: GFR >= 90 ml/min; mild RI: 90, GFR >= 60 ml/min; moderate/severe RI GFR<60 ml/min). Results: Patients with moderate/severe RI had an increased risk of cardiac death or myocardial infarction ([MI], OR 2.14, 95%CI 1.36-3.36), cardiac death (OR 2.21, 95%CI 1.10-4.46), and MI (OR 2.02, 95%CI 1.19-3.43) compared with patients with normal renal function at 2 years follow-up. There was no difference in cardiac death or MI between patients with mild RI compared to those with normal renal function (OR 1.10, 95%CI 0.75-1.61). The risk of target-lesion revascularization was similar for patients with moderate/severe RI (OR 1.17, 95%CI 0.70-1.95) and mild RI (OR 1.16, 95%CI 0.81-1.64) compared with patients with normal renal function. In-stent late loss and in-segment restenosis were not different for patients with moderate/severe RI, mild RI, and normal renal function. Conclusions: Renal function does not affect clinical and angiographic effectiveness of DES. However, prognosis remains impaired among patients with moderate/severe RI.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
JournalPLoS One (print)
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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