The implementation of national dementia plans: A multiple-case study on Denmark, Germany and Italy

Nadia Céline Boeree, Claudia Zoller, Robbert Huijsman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
61 Downloads (Pure)


In a theory-driven, qualitative, multiple-case study, we examined the implementation of national dementia plans (NDPs) in Denmark, Germany, and Italy to determine how stakeholders involved in implementing the NDPs evaluate contextual factors in light of the World Health Organ-ization’s seven action areas of dementia-focused policy. To analyse the NDPs, we used a driver diagram of large-scale change and conducted both document analysis and semi-structured inter-views, after which we performed three-way open coding to analyse the methods. The results show that the implementation of NDPs has increased awareness of dementia in all three countries by positioning the disease as a national public health concern. The study also reveals that resources, the use of change theory, and the monitoring of implementation and fragmentation are crucial factors to consider for countries when implementing NDPs. Although stakeholders find the NDPs use-ful, many challenges remain for their successful implementation due to the highly limited means for implementation and evaluation. Moreover, present NDPs all lack a communication plan that encompasses all layers of society to address ways of achieving change. Patients with dementia, and their informal caregivers, should be included more in the design, implementation, and evaluation of NDPs in order to improve their usefulness and effectiveness.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10220
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 28 Sept 2021

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© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


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