The Integration of Recent Migrants and Refugees: A Review of Research on Integration Policy Practices in the EU

Albert Kraler*, Marija Grujić, Hakan Kilic, Tamara Kerschbaum, Meike Palinkas, Asya Pisarevskaya, Peter Scholten, Isabella Skrivanek, Manfred Zentner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Book/Report/Inaugural speech/Farewell speechReportAcademic

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While a large variety of initiatives, projects, programmes and policies of different kinds have been initiated in response to the events of 2015 and their consequences, the crisis has also led to a massive investment into research on migration and integration, involving the setting up new or expanding existing thematic programmes by research funding bodies, the commissioning of specific research by public authorities and other stakeholders at different levels and an increasing share of general research funding schemes going into migration research reflecting the increased interest of the academic community in this field.

Overall, the massive research effort invested at national and EU level has certainly been useful in highlighting specific do’s and don’ts, and successes and failures of integration policies and measures. Yet the sheer volume of research conducted makes it challenging for practitioners and policymakers, and at times also academics to have an overview of what knowledge is available and what specific results mean in the context of broader research conducted on a particular topic.

This report addresses this challenge, and takes stock of research in the field of integration and more specifically, of research evidence on integration policy practices. The focus on integration policy practices means that we do not aim to take stock of all research on integration per se. In addition, this review focuses on findings relevant for the newly arrived migrants in the first years of their residence in the receiving countries, and specifically refugees and asylum seekers as well as other migrants arriving in an irregular manner since 2015. The report focuses on 11 thematic areas derived from an computer-assisted analysis of research focused on migration and integration. These are: Rights and legal status, employment; education and training; housing and settlement; access and use of welfare benefits; health care; recent migrants and crime; family relations, marriage and children; identity and belonging; attitudes towards migrants, intergroup relations and contact; and civic participation, sports, arts and leisure. Taking stock of these areas we do not necessarily imply that these areas are necessarily useful as conceptual framing for areas of intervention or indeed, incorporation processes. Rather, we analyse them as empiricial areas migration and integration research.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationKrems
Commissioning bodythe European Research Executive Agency (REA)
Number of pages245
Publication statusPublished - 31 Oct 2022

Publication series


Bibliographical note

This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 101004635.

The contents of the document are the sole responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the European Union. The European Commission and the European Research Executive Agency (REA) are not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.

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