The JUMPFOOD study: additional effect of hydrolyzed collagen and vitamin C to exercise treatment for patellar tendinopathy (jumper’s knee) in athletes—study protocol for a double-blind randomized controlled trial

L. van Dam*, R. Terink, M. Mensink, R. J. de Vos, J. Zwerver

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Background: 

Patellar tendinopathy (PT) is a common problem in jumping athletes. Management can be challenging and treatment outcome is not always successful. In combination with tendon loading exercises, hydrolyzed collagen/vitamin C supplementation appears to have a promising effect on the recovery of tendinopathy. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether the use of oral supplementation of hydrolyzed collagen and vitamin C in combination with progressive tendon loading exercises (PTLE) is superior to PTLE and placebo on VISA-P score (which rates pain, function, sports participation) after 24 weeks for athletes with PT. 

Methods: 

The JUMPFOOD study is a double-blinded, two-armed randomized controlled trial, in which the effectiveness of oral supplementation of hydrolyzed collagen/vitamin C combined with PTLE compared to PTLE with placebo on pain and recovery of function in athletes with PT will be investigated. Seventy-six athletes aged 16–40 years, with symptoms of PT for at least 12 weeks, who play sports at least once a week will be included. All participants will receive education, advice with regard to load management and a PTLE program according to the Dutch guidelines for anterior knee pain. In addition, the intervention group will receive daily 10 g hydrolyzed collagen and 40 mg vitamin C supplementation for 24 weeks whereas the control group receives 10 g maltodextrin placebo supplementation. Measurements will take place at baseline and at 12 and 24 weeks’ follow-up. Primary outcome is the VISA-P score, which evaluates pain, function, and sports participation. For secondary outcome measures, data with regard to pain during functional tests, flexibility measurements, blood withdrawals, imaging characteristics of the tendon, and health questionnaires will be collected. During the follow-up period, participants will register sports participation, amount of training and tendon load, pain during sports, co-medication, and side-effects in a digital weekly diary. 

Discussion: 

The JUMPFOOD study is the first large RCT to study the effectiveness of hydrolyzed collagen/vitamin C supplementation in combination with the PTLE program in athletes with patellar tendinopathy. If supplementation of collagen/vitamin C appears to be effective, this treatment can be implemented in daily sports medicine practice to improve the treatment outcome of patients with PT. 

Trial registration: 

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT05407194. Registered on 7 June 2022.

Original languageEnglish
Article number768
JournalTrials
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, The Author(s).

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