Lack of parental support is related to more adolescent negative mood. However, little is known about how fluctuations of parental support relate to fluctuations of negative mood within adolescents in daily life. The current study aimed to elucidate these processes at a day to day micro-level and examined to which extent adolescents would differ in the association between perceived parental support and adolescent negative mood. The sample consisted of 242 Dutch adolescents (M-age = 13.82, 63.2% female) who completed ecological momentary assessments of 3 weeks 3 months apart. Results from the multilevel regression analyses showed that, on average, adolescents experienced higher levels of negative mood on days when they perceived their parents to be less supportive. Substantial individual differences were found in this association, however, these were partially explained by the level of depressive symptoms and perceived parental intrusiveness. These findings suggest that advice on parental support should be tailored to the unique characteristics of the adolescent.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The study ‘Grumpy or Depressed’ was funded by a Youth & Identity seed grant of Utrecht University awarded to L.K. and M.H. Further support comes from two research grants: a personal research grant awarded to L.K. from The Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO-VIDI; ADAPT. Assessing the Dynamics between Adaptation and Parenting in Teens 452-17-011) and a personal research grant awarded to B.E. from the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO-VICI; Unravelling the Impact of Emotional Maltreatment on the Developing Brain 453-15-006).
L.K. and M.H. received a seed grant of Utrecht University. L.K. and B.E. both received a personal research grant from The Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research. Grant numbers are mentioned under funding. The authors declare that they have no further conflict of interest.
© 2020, The Author(s).