The measurement of state work engagement: A multilevel factor analytic study

Kimberley Breevaart, Arnold B. Bakker, Evangelia Demerouti, Jorn Hetland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

114 Citations (Web of Science)


While diary studies have gained in popularity, the validity of the measures utilized in such studies remains an underresearched issue. This study examines the factor structure of the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES) on both between-person (trait) and within-person (state) levels. A multilevel confirmatory factor analysis was performed to confirm that the between-level factor structure also operates on the within-level. Data from 271 employees who filled in a state version of the UWES on five consecutive days were used to perform the analysis. Results showed that the UWES can be used to measure both trait and state work engagement. The three-factor multilevel model appeared to best fit the data. Implications for future research on engagement are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)305-312
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Psychological Assessment
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Research programs



Dive into the research topics of 'The measurement of state work engagement: A multilevel factor analytic study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this