The mitochondrion of Euglena gracilis

Verena Zimorski, Cessa Rauch, Jaap J. van Hellemond, Aloysius G.M. Tielens, William F. Martin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter/Conference proceedingChapterAcademic

20 Citations (Scopus)


In the presence of oxygen, Euglena gracilis mitochondria function much like mammalian mitochondria. Under anaerobiosis, E. gracilis mitochondria perform a malonyl-CoA independent synthesis of fatty acids leading to accumulation of wax esters, which serve as the sink for electrons stemming from glycolytic ATP synthesis and pyruvate oxidation. Some components (enzymes and cofactors) of Euglena’s anaerobic energy metabolism are found among the anaerobic mitochondria of invertebrates, others are found among hydrogenosomes, the H2-producing anaerobic mitochondria of protists.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
PublisherSpringer New York
Number of pages19
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Publication series

SeriesAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright: © 2017, Springer International Publishing AG.


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