The monoclonal antibody ER‐BMDM1 recognizes a macrophage and dendritic cell differentiation antigen with aminopeptidase activity

Pieter J.M. Leenen*, Marleen Melis, Georg Kraal, Andre T. Hoogeveen, Willem Van Ewijk

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Here we describe the reactivity of monoclonal antibody (mAb) ER‐BMDM1, directed against a 160‐kDa cell membrane‐associated antigen (Ag) with aminopeptidase activity. The aminopeptidase recognized by ER‐BMDM1 is present on various mouse macrophage (MΦ) and dendritic cell (DC) subpopulations as well as on microvillous epithelia. Analysis of ER‐BMDM1 Ag expression in in vitro models of MΦ maturation revealed that the Ag is expressed at increasing levels upon maturation of MΦ. In vivo, high level expression of the ER‐BMDM1 Ag occurs after thmonocytic stage of maturation, since bone marrow cells and peripheral blood monocytes are essentially ER‐BMDM1 negative. Analysis of isolated‐resident and elicited MΦ populations showed that ER‐BMDM1 recognizes a specific subpopulation of mature MΦ: only some resident peritoneal and alveolar MΦ are ER‐BMDM1 positive, whereas virtually all thioglycollate‐elicited peritoneal exudate MΦ bind the mAb. In lymphoid organs, a subpopulation of MΦ is recognized as well as interdigitating cells (IDC) located in T cell areas. Phenotypic analysis of isolated DC‐ the in vitro equivalents of IDC ‐ from spleen and lymph nodes confirmed that the majority of this important antigen‐presenting cell population expresses the ER‐BMDM1 aminopeptidase. The molecular characteristics of the ER‐BMDM1 Ag suggest that it may represent the mouse homolog of human CD13.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1567-1572
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Immunology
Volume22
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1992

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