The notion of Iran as ‘high energy-intensity-country': a critique

Zahra Zarepour

Research output: Working paperAcademic

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This is a critical note on the international comparative assessment of the energy dependence of countries based on measures of energy intensity that are employed to contrast and analyse peer sectors or firms. Energy use per unit of GDP or GDP produced per unit of energy are inspired by measures that are constructed to compare coequal firms/sectors’ value-added relative to their consumption of energy. While the measure seems innocent, it is questionable to apply it as a metric for comparison without considering other contextual factors. To obtain credible results, the incorporation of contextual factors such as stage of development and the structure of the economy is essential for a meaningful macro-comparison across countries.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationDen Haag
PublisherInternational Institute of Social Studies (ISS)
Number of pages16
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022

Publication series

SeriesISS working papers. General series


  • ISS Working Paper-General Series


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