The Relations Between Parents' Big Five Personality Factors and Parenting: A Meta-Analytic Review

Peter Prinzie*, Geert Jan J.M. Stams, Maja Dekovič, Albert H.A. Reijntjes, Jay Belsky

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

345 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To investigate the association between Big Five personality factors and three dimensions of parenting-warmth, behavioral control, and autonomy support- the authors conducted meta-analyses using 5,853 parent-child dyads that were included in 30 studies. Effect sizes were significant and robust across mother and father reports and across assessment methods of parenting (self-report versus observations) but were generally small in magnitude. Higher levels of Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, and Openness and lower levels of Neuroticism were related to more warmth and behavioral control, whereas higher levels of Agreeableness and lower levels of Neuroticism were related to more autonomy support. Several factors moderated the relationship between specific personality dimensions and parenting: child and parental age, reliability of observational assessment of parenting behavior, and study design. Taken together, these results indicate that personality can be seen as an inner resource that affects parenting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-362
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume97
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2009

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