The purpose of this study was to assess the empirical relationship between myocardial integrated backscatter (IB) and myocardial wall thickness (WT) in normal myocardium. A second object was to estimate the additional contribution to acute ischemic integrated backscatter levels given this relationship. Myocardial IB measurements and simultaneous myocardial WT measurements were made in 16 open-chested pigs with intact coronary circulation (normal myocardium) and 10 min after the flow in the left anterior descending coronary artery had been reduced to 20% of its baseline value (ischemic myocardium). Measurements were made 50 times during one cardiac cycle and averaged over 10 cardiac cycles. IB and WT measurements were normalized with respect to the nonischemic end-diastolic values. The relationship between IB and WT in normal myocardium was estimated in every individual pig by simple linear regression. Estimates of IB during ischemia were calculated on the basis of this relationship and the ischemic WT measurements. Differences of the estimator and the actual measurement made during ischemia depict the actual contribution of the state of acute ischemia, without the influence of WT. The slope of the relationship between IB and WT during normal myocardial contraction ranged from -0.16 to 0.03 dB/% (mean = -0.036 dB/%, SD = 0.06 dB/%). The additional contribution of ischemia ranged from -3.84 to 5.56 dB (mean = 0.31 dB, SD = 2.72 dB). It was concluded that the average contribution of ischemia to IB measurements is insignificant if the IB dependency on WT is removed from the data and that the higher level of ischemic IB measurements can be explained by the decrease in wall thickness during ischemia and not by the ischemia itself.