The role of impulsivity and delay discounting in student compliance with COVID-19 protective measures

Annelot Wismans, S Letina, K Wennberg, Roy Thurik, R Baptista, A Burke, M Dejardin, F Janssen, E Santarelli, O Torrès, Ingmar Franken

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11 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

During the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic, governments set recommendations and restrictions that have given rise to new situations that require residents to deliberate and respond nonautomatically. For highly impulsive individuals, dealing with these situations may be harder, as they tend to deliberate less about the consequences of their behaviors. In this study, we investigate the relationship between impulsivity and delay discounting on the one hand and compliance with COVID-19 restrictions on the other hand. We distinguish between compliance with social distancing measures and compliance with hygiene measures. Regression analyses of an international sample of 6759 students from seven European countries reveal that the self-reported personality construct of impulsivity is negatively related to both types of compliance behavior. However, and unexpectedly, we also find a weak positive association between the discount rate—as measured by a behavioral task—and compliance. Our study highlights the importance of individual differences in impulsivity in regard to compliance with public health measures during a pandemic.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110925
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume179
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank Jose Maria Millán, Jorge Barrientos Márin, Jinia Mukerjee and Joern Block for their involvement in the data collection. Moreover, we thank Kirsten Rohde for her expert advice on delay discounting. Roy Thurik and Olivier Torrès are members of LabEx Entreprendre of the Université de Montpellier (Montpellier Management, MOMA) funded by the French government (LabEx Entreprendre, ANR-10-Labex-11-01) as well as of the public research centre Montpellier Research in Management (EA 4557, Université de Montpellier). Srebrenka Letina is part of the relationship programme supported by The Medical Research Council and Scotland's Chief Scientist Office (MC_UU_00022/3) and with CSO funding of the Relationships programma (SPHSU18).

Funding Information:
We thank Jose Maria Mill?n, Jorge Barrientos M?rin, Jinia Mukerjee and Joern Block for their involvement in the data collection. Moreover, we thank Kirsten Rohde for her expert advice on delay discounting. Roy Thurik and Olivier Torr?s are members of LabEx Entreprendre of the Universit? de Montpellier (Montpellier Management, MOMA) funded by the French government (LabEx Entreprendre, ANR-10-Labex-11-01) as well as of the public research centre Montpellier Research in Management (EA 4557, Universit? de Montpellier). Srebrenka Letina is part of the relationship programme supported by The Medical Research Council and Scotland's Chief Scientist Office (MC_UU_00022/3) and with CSO funding of the Relationships programma (SPHSU18). No funding was received for this study.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Author(s)

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