The Role of Supportive Parenting and Stress Reactivity in the Development of Self-Regulation in Early Childhood

Rianne Kok*, Maartje P.C.M. Luijk, Nicole Lucassen, Peter Prinzie, Joran Jongerling, Marinus H. van IJzendoorn, Henning Tiemeier, Marian J. Bakermans-Kranenburg

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Maternal sensitivity and supportive discipline are important determinants of child self-regulation. Some evidence suggests that specific genetic or temperamental markers determine children’s susceptibility to the impact of maternal parenting on child self-regulation. Cortisol reactivity as a susceptibility marker moderating the relation between maternal parenting and child self-regulation has not yet been studied. In this longitudinal population-based study (N = 258), the moderating role of infant cortisol stress response to the Strange Situation Procedure at age 1 was examined in the association between parenting (sensitivity and supportive discipline) at age 3 and child self-regulation at age 3 and 4. Maternal sensitivity and supportive discipline were related to child immediate and prolonged delay of gratification at age 3, and maternal sensitivity was related to working memory skills at age 4. No evidence of differential susceptibility to maternal parenting was found, based on differences in infant cortisol stress response.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2424-2435
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Child and Family Studies
Volume31
Issue number9
Early online date7 Jul 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Erasmus Medical Center and Erasmus University Rotterdam; and the Netherlands Organization for Health Research and Development (ZonMw); and the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research, under Grant 452-04-306 (VIDI) and under Grant 453-09-003 (VICI) to MJBK; and under Grant 017.106.370 (VIDI) to HT; and SPINOZA prize to MHvIJ. MJBK, HT and MHvIJ are member of the Consortium on Individual Development (CID) which is funded through the Gravitation program of the Dutch Ministry of Education, Culture, and Science and the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO, under Grant 024.001.003). RK is supported by an EUR Fellowship Grant from the Erasmus University Rotterdam.

Funding Information:
The Generation R Study is conducted by the Erasmus Medical Center in close collaboration with the Erasmus University Rotterdam, the Erasmus School of Social and Behavioural Sciences, the Municipal Health Service Rotterdam area, Rotterdam, and the Stichting Trombosedienst & Artsenlaboratorium Rijnmond (STAR), Rotterdam. We gratefully acknowledge the contribution of general practitioners, hospitals, midwives, and pharmacies in Rotterdam.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s).

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