The SMAD-binding domain of SKI: a hotspot for de novo mutations causing Shprintzen-Goldberg syndrome

D Schepers, AJ Doyle, G Oswald, E Sparks, L Myers, PJ Willems, S Mansour, MA Simpson, H Frysira, A Maat-Kievit, Rick van Minkelen, JM Hoogeboom, GR Mortier, H Titheradge, L Brueton, L Starr, Z Stark, C Ockeloen, CM Lourenco, E BlairE Hobson, J Hurst, I Maystadt, A Destree, KM Girisha, M Miller, HC Dietz, B Loeys, L Van Laer

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Abstract

Shprintzen-Goldberg syndrome (SGS) is a rare, systemic connective tissue disorder characterized by craniofacial, skeletal, and cardiovascular manifestations that show a significant overlap with the features observed in the Marfan (MFS) and Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS). A distinguishing observation in SGS patients is the presence of intellectual disability, although not all patients in this series present this finding. Recently, SGS was shown to be due to mutations in the SKI gene, encoding the oncoprotein SKI, a repressor of TGF beta activity. Here, we report eight recurrent and three novel SKI mutations in eleven SGS patients. All were heterozygous missense mutations located in the R-SMAD binding domain, except for one novel in-frame deletion affecting the DHD domain. Adding our new findings to the existing data clearly reveals a mutational hotspot, with 73% (24 out of 33) of the hitherto described unrelated patients having mutations in a stretch of five SKI residues (from p.(Ser31) to p.(Pro35)). This implicates that the initial molecular testing could be focused on mutation analysis of the first half of exon 1 of SKI. As the majority of the known mutations are located in the R-SMAD binding domain of SKI, our study further emphasizes the importance of TGFb signaling in the pathogenesis of SGS.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)224-228
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Human Genetics
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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  • EMC MGC-02-96-01

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