The strategy process. A middle management perspective

NY (Nufer) Ates

Research output: Types of ThesisDoctoral ThesisInternal


Organizations must get middle managers on board in order to successfully put strategy into action. Middle managers are key strategic players in organizations due their close connection to daily operations and their reach to higher echelons. Unless these managers develop a shared understanding of and are committed to the organizational strategic goals, organizations are unlikely to realize their strategies. This dissertation focuses on the psychological foundations of middle managers’ contribution to the strategy process by investigating their strategic cognitions, leadership and fairness perceptions. In this dissertation, we develop a new method that provides a more comprehensive analysis of strategic consensus within and between organizational units (chapter 2), challenge the popular perception of managers’ transformational leadership as a solely positive phenomenon in strategy implementation (chapter 3), and examine the drivers of middle managers’ strategic alignment and commitment (chapter 4). Our results equip researchers with the necessary tools for integrative theory building in managerial and organizational cognition, reveal the dark-side of transformational leadership that is contingent upon the strategic alignment of the manager, and highlight the importance of middle managers’ fairness perceptions about strategy making. We also look into the repeated testing problem and recommend strategies and tools to cope with this problem (chapters 5 and 6). Consequently, this dissertation extends the reach of organizational psychology and organizational behaviour in strategy research by contributing to the strategy process, managerial cognition and behavioural strategy research streams.
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • Erasmus University Rotterdam
  • Groenen, Patrick, Supervisor
  • van Knippenberg, Daan, Supervisor
  • Jansen, Justin, Doctoral committee member
  • Reus, Taco, Doctoral committee member
Award date17 Jan 2014
Place of PublicationRotterdam
Print ISBNs9789058923547
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jan 2014


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