The use of lower or higher than recommended doses of folic acid supplements during pregnancy is associated with child attentional dysfunction at 4–5 years of age in the inma project

Laura María Compañ Gabucio, Manuela García de la Hera*, Laura Torres Collado, Ana Fernández-Somoano, Adonina Tardón, Mònica Guxens, Martine Vrijheid, Marisa Rebagliato, Mario Murcia, Jesús Ibarluzea, Itxaso Martí, Jesús Vioque

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

We assessed the association between the use of lower-and higher-than-recommended doses of folic acid supplements (FAs) during pregnancy and attentional function in boys and girls at age of 4–5. We analyzed data from 1329 mother-child pairs from the mother-child cohort INfancia y Medio Ambiente Project (INMA) study. Information on FAs use during pregnancy was collected in personal interviews at weeks 12 and 30, and categorized in <400, 400–999 (recommended dose), and ≥1000 µg/day. Child attentional function was assessed by Conners’ Kiddie Continuous Performance Test. Multivariable regression analyses were used to estimate incidence rate ratios (IRR) and beta coefficients with 95% confidence intervals (CI). Compared to recommended FAs doses, the periconceptional use of <400 and ≥1000 µg/day was associated with higher risk of omission errors—IRR = 1.14 (95% CI: 1.01; 1.29) and IRR = 1.16 (95% CI: 1.02; 1.33), respectively. The use of FAs < 400 µg/day and ≥1000 µg/day was significantly associated with deficits of attentional function only in boys. FAs use < 400 µg/day was associated with higher omission errors with IRR = 1.22 and increased hit reaction time (HRT) β = 34.36, and FAs use ≥ 1000 µg/day was associated with increased HRT β = 33.18 and HRT standard error β = 3.31. The periconceptional use of FAs below or above the recommended doses is associated with deficits of attentional function in children at age of 4–5, particularly in boys.

Original languageEnglish
Article number327
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalNutrients
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jan 2021

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Publisher Copyright: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

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  • EMC OR-01

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