The Validation of the Selective Mutism Questionnaire for Use in the Dutch Population

Chaya Rodrigues Pereira*, Judith B. M. Ensink, Max G. Guldner, Kees Jan Kan, Maretha, V De Jonge, Ramon J. L. Lindauer, Elisabeth M. W. J. Utens*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Selective mutism (SM) is an anxiety disorder in children/adolescents, characterized by the absence of speaking in specific social situations, mostly at school. The selective mutism questionnaire (SMQ) is a parent report, internationally used to assess SM symptomatology and treatment outcomes. Since no assessment instrument for SM was available in the Netherlands, our aim was to investigate the psychometric properties of the Dutch translation of the SMQ, through reliability, confirmatory factor, and ROC analyses conducted on data obtained in 303 children (ages 3–17 years; clinical SM group n = 106, control group n = 197). The SMQ turned out to be highly reliable (α = 0.96 in the combined sample; 0.83 within the clinical group) and followed the expected factor structure. We conclude that the Dutch version of the SMQ is a reliable and valid tool both as a screening and clinical instrument to assess SM in Dutch speaking children.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-93
Number of pages12
JournalChild Psychiatry & Human Development
Issue number1
Early online date27 Jun 2022
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research project is funded by Fonds Stichting Gezondheidszorg Spaarneland (Grant Number 2017284). The funding source had no role in the design of the study, its execution, analysis, interpretation of the data, or decision to submit results.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s).


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