Thin slice photon-counting CT coronary angiography compared to conventional CT: Objective image quality and clinical radiation dose assessment

Judith van der Bie, Daniel Bos, Marcel L. Dijkshoorn, Ronald Booij, Ricardo P.J. Budde, Marcel van Straten*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
27 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background:

Photon-counting CT (PCCT) is the next-generation CT scanner that enables improved spatial resolution and spectral imaging. For full spectral processing, higher tube voltages compared to conventional CT are necessary to achieve the required spectral separation. This generated interest in the potential influence of thin slice high tube voltage PCCT on overall image quality and consequently on radiation dose. 

Purpose: 

This study first evaluated tube voltages and radiation doses applied in patients who underwent coronary CT angiography with PCCT and energy-integrating detector CT (EID-CT). Next, image quality of PCCT and EID-CT was objectively evaluated in a phantom study simulating different patient sizes at these tube voltages and radiation doses. 

Methods: 

We conducted a retrospective analysis of clinical doses of patients scanned on a conventional and PCCT system. Average patient water equivalent diameters for different tube voltages were extracted from the dose reports for both EID-CT and PCCT. A conical phantom made of polyethylene with multiple diameters (26/31/36 cm) representing different patient sizes and containing an iodine insert was scanned with a EID-CT scanner using tube voltages and phantom diameters that match the patient scans and characteristics. Next, phantom scans were made with PCCT at a fixed tube voltage of 120 kV and with CTDIVOL values and phantom diameters identical to the EID-CT scans. Clinical image reconstructions at 0.6 mm slice thickness for conventional CT were compared to PCCT images with 0.4 mm slice thickness. Image quality was quantified using the detectability index (d′), which estimated the visibility of a 3 mm diameter contrast-enhanced coronary artery by considering noise, contrast, resolution, and human visual perception. Alongside d′, noise, contrast and resolution were also individually assessed. In addition, the influence of various kernels (Bv40/Bv44/Bv48/Bv56), quantum iterative reconstruction strengths (QIR, 3/4) and monoenergetic levels (40/45/50/55 keV) for PCCT on d′ was investigated. 

Results: 

In this study, 143 patients were included: 47 were scanned on PCCT (120 kV) and the remaining on EID-CT (74 small-sized at 70 kV, 18 medium-sized at 80 kV and four large-sized at 90 kV). EID-CT showed 7%–17% higher d′ than PCCT with Bv40 kernel and strength four for small/medium patients. Lower monoenergetic images (40 keV) helped mitigate the difference to 1%–6%. For large patients, PCCT's detectability was up to 31% higher than EID-CT. PCCT has thinner slices but similar noise levels for similar reconstruction parameters. The noise increased with lower keV levels in PCCT (≈30% increase), but higher QIR strengths reduced noise. PCCT's iodine contrast was stable across patient sizes, while EID-CT had 33% less contrast in large patients than in small-sized patients. 

Conclusion: 

At 120 kV, thin slice PCCT enables CCTA in phantom scans representing large patients without raising radiation dose or affecting vessel detectability. However, higher doses are needed for small and medium-sized patients to obtain a similar image quality as in EID-CT. The alternative of using lower mono-energetic levels requires further evaluation in clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2924-2932
Number of pages9
JournalMedical Physics
Volume51
Issue number4
Early online date15 Feb 2024
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 The Authors. Medical Physics published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of American Association of Physicists in Medicine.

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