Three Useful Tips and Tricks for Intraoperative Nerve Stimulation

Wen Chih Liu, Floris V. Raasveld, Maximilian Mayrhofer-Schmid, Kyle R. Eberlin, Ian L. Valerio*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Disposable handheld nerve stimulators are widely used in peripheral nerve surgery. Such devices stimulate a motor nerve or the motor component of a mixed nerve by applying electrical current to the proximal region, targeting the main nerve trunk. This stimulation then travels along the motor nerve, reaching the distal end to control the corresponding muscle(s). In this study, the authors demonstrate three useful tips and tricks for handheld nerve stimulation during targeted muscle reinnervation and peripheral nerve surgery. The three tips are (1) identification of proximal muscle contraction by retrograde electrical stimulation of a distal sensory nerve; (2) graded stimulation for identifying motor nerves within fibrotic scarred tissue beds or parallel to the major motor/mixed nerve of interest; and (3) proximal stimulation for validation of adequate post-targeted muscle reinnervation coaptation(s).

Original languageEnglish
Article numberE5640
JournalPlastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Global Open
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2024

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