Timing of debridement, antibiotics, and implant retention (DAIR) for early post-surgical hip and knee prosthetic joint infection (PJI) does not affect 1-year re-revision rates: Data from the Dutch Arthroplasty Register

Barry Van Der Ende, Jakob Van Oldenrijk, Max Reijman, Peter D. Croughs, Liza N. Van Steenbergen, Jan A.N. Verhaar, P. Koen Bos*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Debridement, antibiotics, and implant retention (DAIR) is a procedure to treat a periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) after total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The timing between the primary procedure and the DAIR is likely a determinant for its successful outcome. However, the optimal timing of a DAIR and the chance of success still remain unclear. We aimed to assess the risk of re-revision within 1 year after a DAIR procedure and to evaluate the timing of the DAIR in primary THA and TKA. We used data from the Dutch Arthroplasty Register (LROI) and selected all primary THA and TKA in the period 2007-2016 which underwent a DAIR within 12 weeks after primary procedure. A DAIR was defined as a revision for infection in which only modular parts were exchanged. A DAIR was defined as successful if not followed by a re-revision within 1 year after DAIR; 207 DAIRs were performed <4 weeks after THA, of which 16 (8ĝ€¯%) received a complete revision within 1 year. DAIR procedures performed between 4 and 12 weeks (nCombining double low line98) had a failure rate of 9% (nCombining double low line9). After TKA 126 DAIRs were performed in less than 4 weeks, of which 11 (9%) received a complete revision within 1 year; 83 DAIRs were performed between 4 and 12 weeks, of which 14 (17%) were revised. There was no significant difference in 1-year re-revision rate after a DAIR procedure by timing of the DAIR procedure for total hip and knee arthroplasty based on Dutch registry data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-336
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Bone and Joint Infection
Volume6
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Sep 2021

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