Towards a conceptual framework of adaptivity in face-to-face-interaction: an interdisciplinary review of adaptivity concepts

Janneke van de Pol*, Marije van Braak, Helena J.M. Pennings, Sabine van Vondel, Henderien Steenbeek, Sanne Akkerman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

The pervasive phenomenon of adaptivity in face-to-face interaction is described inconsistently, using numerous concepts (e.g. alignment/attunement/complementarity/imitation/reciprocity/scaffolding/synchrony), impeding the streamlining of adaptivity research. We explored 33 adaptivity concepts and various adaptivity theories from different fields. We developed a theory-based conceptual framework consisting of two key dimensions. Relatedness refers to how people’s actions should relate to each other to be considered adaptive and is described in terms of sameness (e.g. both friendly), oppositeness (e.g. dominant/submissive), or specified attentiveness (dissimilar acts). Responsivity refers to the timing of people’s actions (sequential/simultaneous). The framework helps to understand what key elements adaptivity consists of. The framework can help transcending the concept and discipline level and examining and synthesizing research pertaining to adaptivity with similar dimensional characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAnnals of the International Communication Association
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Oct 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding:
This work was supported by the Netherlands Initiative for Education Research (Nationaal Regieorgaan
Onderwijsonderzoek) under grant number 405-15-718, Nationaal Regieorgaan Onderwijsonderzoek.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

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