Trajectories of socially anxious behavior from age 5 to 13: Temperamental and sociocognitive pathways

Kristie L. Poole*, Kathryn A. Degnan, Anita Harrewijn, Alisa Almas, Nathan A Fox, Heather A. Henderson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
58 Downloads (Pure)


The authors examined temperamental and sociocognitive predictors of socially anxious behavior from preschool to early adolescence. Children (N = 227; 59% male; 69% White) completed a speech task at ages 5, 7, 10, and 13 and socially anxious behaviors were coded. Behavioral inhibition (BI) was assessed at ages 2/3 and Theory of Mind (ToM) was assessed at age 4. Data collection occurred between 2003 and 2016. Three trajectories of socially anxious behavior were identified: high stable, average increasing, and low stable. Higher BI was related to the high stable trajectory, whereas lower ToM was related to the increasing trajectory of socially anxious behavior. There are heterogenous pathways of socially anxious behavior, which may be uniquely influenced by early temperamental and sociocognitive factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1334-1346
Number of pages13
JournalChild Development
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This writing of this paper was supported by a Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) Postdoctoral Fellowship awarded to KLP, and the research was supported by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding awarded to NAF. The authors thank the children for participating in this research.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Authors. Child Development © 2022 Society for Research in Child Development.


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