Transit-Oriented Development in China: A Comparative Content Analysis of the Spatial Plans of High-Speed Railway Station Areas

Biyue Wang*, Martin de Jong, Ellen van Bueren, Aksel Ersoy, Yanchun Meng*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

With rapid high-speed railway (HSR) developments in China, HSR-based transit-oriented development (TOD) has proliferated across the country. Although local governments claim that HSR station areas are planned according to TOD principles, some scholars argue that these station areas actually contribute to unsustainable development. This study investigates two main questions: (1) what success factors should be included in a TOD plan for HSR station areas? (2) to what extent are these factors considered in the plans of Chinese HSR station areas? To answer these questions, we use content analysis to compare spatial plans for 15 HSR station areas across China, triangulating the findings via in-depth interviews and field investigations. This study reveals that most of the factors in the plans for HSR station areas deviate from TOD principles, especially in small- and medium-sized cities. We find that Chinese local governments mainly use TODs as a tool to promote suburban expansion around HSR stations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1818
JournalLand
Volume12
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Sept 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was funded by the China Scholarship Council (201708620179), International Postdoctoral Exchange Fellowship Program (337939), Tsinghua University “Shuimu Tsinghua Scholar” Program (2023660091).

Publisher Copyright: © 2023 by the authors.

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