Treatment Outcome of the Bony Obliteration Tympanoplasty Versus Nonobliterative Techniques in Cholesteatoma Surgery: A Retrospective Analysis

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: In cholesteatoma surgery, obliteration of the mastoid and epitympanic space (bony obliteration tympanoplasty, BOT) is an increasingly used technique with low recurrent and residual cholesteatoma rates. While factors as the postoperative hearing level and infection rate are important for the patient as well, these outcome parameters are not frequently reported on in current literature. The objective of this study is to evaluate the recurrent and residual cholesteatoma rates of the BOT technique and nonobliterative canal wall up (CWU) and canal wall down (CWD) mastoidectomy in a large patient cohort. Secondary objectives were to evaluate the infection rate and hearing outcome for all three techniques. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Single-center study. PATIENTS: All 337 adult patients (≥18 yrs) who underwent primary or revision cholesteatoma surgery between January 2013 and March 2019 were included. MAIN OUTCOME AND MEASURES: Recurrent cholesteatoma rates, residual cholesteatoma rates, postoperative infections and other complications, hearing outcome. RESULTS: The estimated combined rate of recurrent and residual cholesteatoma at 5 years follow-up was 7.6% in the BOT group, 34.9% in the CWU group, and 17.9% in the CWD group. The postoperative infection rate in the different groups ranged from 4.3% to 4.9%. The median gain in AC threshold level varied from 0.0 dB in the BOT and CWD group to 3.8 dB in the CWU group. CONCLUSIONS: We show that cholesteatoma recurrence rates after the BOT technique in our clinic are significantly lower compared to CWU surgery. There were no differences in infection rate and no clinically relevant differences in postoperative hearing between the BOT, CWU, and CWD technique.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1366-1374
Number of pages9
JournalOtology & neurotology : official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology
Volume42
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2021

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Copyright © 2021, Otology & Neurotology, Inc.

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