Treatment planning facilitates clinical decision making for hyperthermia treatments

H. P. Kok*, J. van der Zee, F. Navarro Guirado, A. Bakker, N. R. Datta, S. Abdel-Rahman, M. Schmidt, P. Wust, J. Crezee

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)
21 Downloads (Pure)


Background: Treatment quality is important in clinical hyperthermia. Guideline-based treatment protocols are used to determine system settings and treatment strategies to ensure effective tumor heating and prevent unwanted treatment-limiting normal tissue hot spots. Realizing both these goals can prove challenging using generic guideline-based and operator-dependent treatment strategies. Hyperthermia treatment planning (HTP) can be very useful to support treatment strategies. Although HTP is increasingly integrated into the standard clinical workflow, active clinical application is still limited to a small number of hyperthermia centers and should be further stimulated. Purpose: This paper aims to serve as a practical guide, demonstrating how HTP can be applied in clinical decision making for both superficial and locoregional hyperthermia treatments. HTP in clinical decision making: Seven problems that occur in daily clinical practice are described and we show how HTP can enhance insight to formulate an adequate treatment strategy. Examples use representative commercially available hyperthermia devices and cover all stages during the clinical workflow. Problems include selecting adequate phase settings, heating ability analysis, hot spot suppression, applicator selection, evaluation of target coverage and heating depth, and predicting possible thermal toxicity in case of an implant. Since we aim to promote a general use of HTP in daily practice, basic simulation strategies are used in these problems, avoiding a need for the application of dedicated advanced optimization routines that are not generally available. Conclusion: Even fairly basic HTP can facilitate clinical decision making, providing a meaningful and clinically relevant contribution to maintaining and improving treatment quality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)532-551
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Hyperthermia
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 30 Mar 2021

Bibliographical note

This study was supported by the Dutch Cancer Society [grant 2017- 1 10873].

Publisher Copyright: © 2021 The Author(s). Published with license by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


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