Trends in community response and long-term outcomes from pediatric cardiac arrest: A retrospective observational study

M Albrecht, R C J de Jonge, K Dulfer, A P J M Van Gils-Frijters, M de Hoog, M Hunfeld, J A E Kammeraad, X R J Moors, V M Nadkarni, C M P Buysse*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

AIM: This study aimed to investigate trends over time in pre-hospital factors for pediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (pOHCA) and long-term neurological and neuropsychological outcomes. These have not been described before in large populations.

METHODS: Non-traumatic arrest patients, 1 day-17 years old, presented to the Sophia Children's Hospital from January 2002 to December 2020, were eligible for inclusion. Favorable neurological outcome was defined as Pediatric Cerebral Performance Categories (PCPC) 1-2 or no difference with pre-arrest baseline. The trend over time was tested with multivariable logistic and linear regression models with year of event as independent variable.

FINDINGS: Over a nineteen-year study period, the annual rate of long-term favorable neurological outcome, assessed at a median 2·5 years follow-up, increased significantly (OR 1·10, 95%-CI 1·03-1·19), adjusted for confounders. Concurrently, annual automated external defibrillator (AED) use and, among adolescents, initial shockable rhythm increased significantly (OR 1·21, 95% CI 1·10-1·33 and OR 1·15, 95% CI 1·02-1·29, respectively), adjusted for confounders. For generalizability purposes, only the total intelligence quotient (IQ) was considered for trend analysis of all tested domains. Total IQ scores and bystander basic life support (BLS) rate did not change significantly over time.

INTERPRETATION: Long-term favorable neurological outcome, assessed at a median 2·5 years follow-up, improved significantly over the study period. Total IQ scores did not significantly change over time. Furthermore, AED use (OR 1·21, 95%CI 1.10-1·33) and shockable rhythms among adolescents (OR1·15, 95%CI 1·02-1·29) increased over time.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110045
JournalResuscitation
Volume194
Early online date11 Nov 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2024

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