Trial watch: chemotherapy-induced immunogenic cell death in oncology

Jenny Sprooten, Raquel S. Laureano, Isaure Vanmeerbeek, Jannes Govaerts, Stefan Naulaerts, Daniel M. Borras, Lisa Kinget, Jitka Fucíková, Radek Špíšek, Lenka Palová Jelínková, Oliver Kepp, Guido Kroemer, Dmitri V. Krysko, An Coosemans, Rianne D.W. Vaes, Dirk De Ruysscher, Steven De Vleeschouwer, Els Wauters, Evelien Smits, Sabine TejparBenoit Beuselinck, Sigrid Hatse, Hans Wildiers, Paul M. Clement, Peter Vandenabeele, Laurence Zitvogel, Abhishek D. Garg*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Immunogenic cell death (ICD) refers to an immunologically distinct process of regulated cell death that activates, rather than suppresses, innate and adaptive immune responses. Such responses culminate into T cell-driven immunity against antigens derived from dying cancer cells. The potency of ICD is dependent on the immunogenicity of dying cells as defined by the antigenicity of these cells and their ability to expose immunostimulatory molecules like damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) and cytokines like type I interferons (IFNs). Moreover, it is crucial that the host’s immune system can adequately detect the antigenicity and adjuvanticity of these dying cells. Over the years, several well-known chemotherapies have been validated as potent ICD inducers, including (but not limited to) anthracyclines, paclitaxels, and oxaliplatin. Such ICD-inducing chemotherapeutic drugs can serve as important combinatorial partners for anti-cancer immunotherapies against highly immuno-resistant tumors. In this Trial Watch, we describe current trends in the preclinical and clinical integration of ICD-inducing chemotherapy in the existing immuno-oncological paradigms.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2219591
JournalOncoImmunology
Volume12
Issue number1
Early online date3 Jun 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study is supported by Research Foundation Flanders (FWO) (Fundamental Research Grant, G0B4620N to ADG; Excellence of Science/EOS grant, 30837538, for ‘DECODE’ consortium, for ADG), KU Leuven (C1 grant, C14/19/098; C3 grant, C3/21/037; and POR award funds, POR/16/040 to ADG), Kom op Tegen Kanker (KOTK/2018/11509/1 and KOTK/2019/11955/1 to ADG) and VLIR-UOS (iBOF grant, iBOF/21/048, for ‘MIMICRY’ consortium to ADG and ST). IV and RSL are supported by FWO-SB PhD Fellowship (1S06821N and 1S44123N). JS is funded by Kom op tegen Kanker (Stand up to Cancer), the Flemish cancer society through the Emmanuel van der Schueren (EvDS) PhD fellowship (projectID: 12699). DMB got support from Senior Postdoctoral FWO fellowship (1279223N) and KU Leuven’s Postdoctoral mandate grant (PDMT1/21/032). This study was supported by Research Foundation Flanders (FWO) (Fundamental Research Grant, G0B4620N to ADG; Excellence of Science/EOS grant, 30837538, for ‘DECODE’ consortium, for ADG), KU Leuven (C1 grant, C14/19/098; C3 grant, C3/21/037; and POR award funds, POR/16/040 to ADG), Kom op Tegen Kanker (KOTK/2018/11509/1 to ADG; and KOTK/2019/11955/1 to ADG), and VLIR-UOS (iBOF grant, iBOF/21/048, for ‘MIMICRY’ consortium to ADG). I.V. was supported by FWO-SB PhD Fellowship (1S06821N). J.S. was funded by Kom op tegen Kanker (Stand up to Cancer), the Flemish cancer society via Emmanuel van der Schueren (EvDS) PhD fellowship (projectID: 12699). D.M.B. was supported by KU Leuven’s Postdoctoral FWO fellowship (1279223N). R.S. was supported by FWO-SB PhD Fellowship (1S44123N); E.S. was supported by the KOTK (KOTK/2019/7878); O.K. was supported by Institut National du Cancer (INCa) and the DIM ELICIT; D.V.K. was supported by FWO-Flanders (G016221N) and Excellence of Science/EOS grant, 40007488. Research in the Vandenabeele unit was supported by the FWO (research grants G.0C76.18N, G.0B71.18N, G.0B96.20N, G.0A93.22N, EOS MODEL-IDI Grant (30826052), and EOS CD-INFLADIS (40007512)), grants from the Special Research Fund UGent (Methusalem grant BOF16/MET_V/007, iBOF ATLANTIS grant 20/IBF/039), grants from the Foundation against Cancer (F/2016/865, F/2020/1505), CRIG and GIGG consortia, and VIB.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Author(s). Published with license by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

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