Tuberculosis and sexually transmitted infections

Nico J.D. Nagelkerke*, Sake J. De Vlas, Kelly S. MacDonald, Hans L. Rieder

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/Letter to the editorProfessional

8 Citations (Scopus)


To the Editor:
Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection is a necessary, but not sufficient, cause of tuberculosis (TB). Infection with HIV is the strongest known risk factor for disease progression to TB. In the absence of HIV infection, disease develops in 5% to 15% of infected persons. Unfortunately, the process of progression to disease is poorly understood. We hypothesize that, in addition to HIV, another sexually transmitted infection (STI) also increases such disease progression. Identification of this STI might suggest new approaches to disease control.

Several associations between the risk for TB and lifestyle factors have been identified. [...]
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2055-2056
Number of pages2
JournalEmerging Infectious Diseases
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2004


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