Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitor Use Increases Birthweight in Pregnant Women With Rheumatoid Arthritis Independently of the Soluble Fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase-1/Placental Growth Factor Ratio

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: 

To study whether the use of TNF (tumor necrosis factor) inhibitors (TNFi) by pregnant women with rheumatoid arthritis affects sFlt-1 (soluble Fms-like tyrosine kinase-1), PlGF (placental growth factor), or their impact on birthweight. 

METHODS AND RESULTS: 

sFlt-1 and PlGF were measured in all trimesters of pregnancy in the Preconception Counseling in Active Rheumatoid Arthritis study and were compared according to the use of TNFi. The association of sFlt-1 and PlGF with birthweight in relation to TNFi was determined. The study included 158 women, of whom 52.5% used TNFi during pregnancy. Both sFlt-1 and PlGF increased during pregnancy, whereas their ratio declined. Taking into consideration the trimester-related variation in levels of sFlt-1 and PlGF, after correction for relevant confounders, the sFlt-1/PlGF ratio was not significantly different between patients who did or did not use TNFi (sFlt-1/PlGF ratio in the second trimester compared with the first trimester: estimated change 8.17 [95% CI, 2.54-26.29], P=0.79; sFlt-1/PlGF ratio in the third trimester compared with the first trimester: estimated change 6.25 [95% CI, 1.73-22.50], P=0.25). In women who did not use TNFi, birthweight was significantly lower (3180 versus 3302 g; P=0.03), and sFlt-1 displayed a negative correlation with birthweight (r=-0.462, P<0.001) and birthweight percentile (r=-0.332, P=0.008). In TNFi users, these correlations were absent. 

CONCLUSIONS: 

TNF inhibitor use increases birthweight in pregnant women with rheumatoid arthritis independently of the sFlt-1/PlGF ratio. REGISTRATION: http://clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01345071.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere032655
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Volume13
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Apr 2024

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