Understanding cosmetic consumers: exploring consumption patterns and predictors through a cross-sectional survey

Anne Mette Hermans*, Tom Decates, Sophie C. Boerman

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Background: 

Previous reports have provided (some) demographics of the cosmetic consumer; however, findings are not unequivocal. This relates to differences in the studies’ categorizations, samples, and contextual factors. 

Methods: 

Employing a cross-sectional survey design, which was disseminated by 11 cosmetic clinics and consumer platforms in the Netherlands, this study provides a clear overview of a total of 734 Dutch cosmetic consumers’ (a) demographic characteristics; (b) motivations for undergoing a range of specific cosmetic procedures; (c) cosmetic procedure frequency, i.e., how frequently they undergo particular procedures; and (d) frequency of, and motivations for, switching clinics. Relations between cosmetic consumers’ demographics, motivations for cosmetic procedures, and different procedures chosen were also established. 

Results:

There is no unequivocal characterization of ‘the’ cosmetic consumer in the Netherlands, although they mostly identified as heterosexual women from Dutch descent with relatively high educational attainment levels and a high income. Some regional differences in terms of cosmetic procedure engagement were observed. Motivations for cosmetic procedure engagement were multifaceted, and responses varied between open- and closed-ended questions. Few relations between predictors and (a selection of) cosmetic procedures proved significant. (Higher) age and high educational attainment positively correlated with undergoing botulinum toxin injections and eyelid corrections. Gender and daily use of highly visual social media positively correlated with undergoing dermal filler injections. Lastly, lower-educated consumers were significantly more likely to have breast enlargements than higher-educated consumers. 

Conclusions: 

This study provides a comprehensive overview of the demographic characteristics and motivations of a varied sample of cosmetic consumers, and the types and quantities of cosmetic procedures they undergo. In terms of demographics, we can conclude that there is no unequivocal characterization of ‘the’ cosmetic consumer in the Netherlands, although she frequently identifies as a heterosexual female of Dutch descent.

Original languageEnglish
Article number72
JournalEuropean Journal of Plastic Surgery
Volume47
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jun 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2024.

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