Understanding Fear of Opportunism in Global Prize-Based Science Contests: Evidence for Gender and Age Differences

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Global prize-based science contests have great potential for tapping into diverse knowledge on a global scale and overcoming important scientific challenges. A necessary step for knowledge to be utilized in these contests is for that knowledge to be disclosed. Knowledge disclosure, however, is paradoxical in nature: in order for the value of knowledge to be assessed, inventors must disclose their knowledge, but then the person who receives that knowledge does so at no cost and may use it opportunistically. This risk of potential opportunistic behavior in turn makes the inventor fearful of disclosing knowledge, and this is a major psychological barrier to knowledge disclosure. In this project, we investigated this fear of opportunism in global prize-based science contests by surveying 630 contest participants in the InnoCentive online platform for science contests. We found that participants in these science contests experience fear of opportunism to varying degrees, and that women and older participants have significantly less fear of disclosing their scientific knowledge. Our findings highlight the importance of taking differences in such fears into account when designing global prize-based contests so that the potential of the contests for reaching solutions to important and challenging problems can be used more effectively.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalPLoS One (online)
Volume2015
Issue numberJuly
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Understanding Fear of Opportunism in Global Prize-Based Science Contests: Evidence for Gender and Age Differences'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this